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Ethiopia: Gura Ferda and crimes against Humanity

by Tesfay Atsbeha and Kahsay Berhe

The inhuman measures of expelling Ethiopians from their own country in the district of Gura Ferda, Ethiopia should outrage all Ethiopians. How can hardworking innocent farmers, women and children who were living legally be deprived of their houses, farmland and belongings and evicted by force, simply because they are ethnic Amharas? The root cause of this crime is the backward and divisive ethnic politics of Meles Zenawi.

Ethiopia: Gura Ferda and crimes against Humanity

Since tyrants normally fear the elite of a people whom they want to subjugate, they try to destroy or weaken the elite as Hitler and Stalin did in Poland and the Italian fascists did in Ethiopia. A similar repressive policy has been causing a brain drain in Ethiopia in the last decades. On the top of that, Meles is harassing poor and harmless people like the Amharas, Anuaks and Afars, who do not pose a threat to his power.

Gold and wax on the form of organization

According to the internal magazine of the Marxist- Leninist League of Tigray (MLLT) called: “May Day” in the late 1980s, the Amharas should not be organized as Amharas and the cadres of Meles, like Addis Alem Balema (later Ambassador, etc…) were sent to convince the members of the MLLT in Europe of the alleged need that the Amharas should not be ethnically organized. It would have sufficed to pass orders to the members of the TPLF/MLLT in Tigray to let them accept whatever Meles wanted, but the members in Europe asked why the form of organization should not be left for the Amharas themselves to decide. They were told that the Russians who were members of the oppressor nation like the Amharas were organized as Party committees of Petrograd and Moscow by the Bolsheviks and not as Russians. The discussion grew hot. The participating members in a meeting in London told Addis Alem that they have neither the right to decide on how Amharas should organize themselves nor the duty to imitate whatever the Russians did and rejected the proposal.

The discussion looked like a combination of gold and wax. Meles seemed to see ethnicity as a source of as well as a danger for his power at the same time. Whereas ethnic division would enable him to divide and rule, he wouldn’t succeed if the Amharas and Oromos got their own respective independent organisations. The Amharas would be too strong if they organized themselves ethnically and those who opposed meddling in the rights of the Amharas suspected what Meles wanted, but they could not discuss openly to avoid being incriminated by Meles for opposing what he did not present openly. Therefore the indirect agitation (the Russian argument) was unanimously (except the cadres of Meles) opposed by the participants.

It is a paradox. Meles seems to fear the Amharas not only because they have the experience and the potential to remove him from power, but also because they stand for Ethiopian unity. Although his history will be associated with Ethiopia as he is (mis) ruling the country, Meles is opposed to all who stand for the unity of all Ethiopians. This is the reason why Meles lumps together the multi-national organizations to bogeymen as interhamwe, chauvinists, neftegna and remnants of the Derg. Meles also hated the EPRP more than any other organization in Ethiopia not because it is an Amahra Organization, since many Tigrayans and other non-Amharas in leadership positions belonged to its founders, but because it is for the unity of Ethiopia and it was aware of his machinations. Of course, Meles used to say that the source of the dangerousness of the EPRP was the attractiveness of its program to the petty bourgeoisie.

The TPLF and the puppet organizations

When the All Amhara People’s Organization (AAPO) came into being, Meles was forced to declare the formation of his own Amhara organization called Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM) led by non-Amharas. It was the Ethiopian people’s Democratic Movement (EPDM) which was renamed to ANDM. Some members of the EPRP who didn’t want to continue the struggle as members of the EPRP, who had neither their own program nor the ability to form an independent organization went over to the TPLF. They were at first disarmed in the vicinity of Abergelle by the TPLF but not treated as POWs, because they came to the TPLF voluntarily while the fighting between the TPLF and the EPRP was going on. They might have taken a pre-emptive measure to avoid being taken prisoner. Most of them went abroad and the remaining few formed the EPDM with the help of the TPLF. To their credit, they had already struggled as members of the EPRP and they decided to continue the struggle, instead of giving up. The EPDM was created as a puppet of Meles who dissected it into ethnic components with some transplantation in its leadership. In all fairness, the difference between the members of the TPLF on the one hand and the other members of the EPRDF like the ANDM, OPDO and SEPDM is that the TPLF was formed by its own members while the others were formed by the TPLF even from prisoners of war. In other words, the TPLF was unlike the others, not a puppet in the beginning.

The homogenization of the members of the EPRDF as Puppets

The similarity of all EPRDF members (except Meles) is their homogenization as puppets. None of them has the right to express his/her own opinion, if the opinion differs from that of the tyrant. Some of the members are, owing to the fact that they are puppets, very powerful and rich puppets.

Gura Ferda and shame to the members of the EPRDF

Why are there no members of the EPRDF with a bit of courage to rescue their compatriots in Gura Ferda? Many Ethiopians would have gone to the streets to demonstrate against the inhuman treatment of Ethiopians in Gura Ferda if they had no fear of the members of the EPRDF who maintain tyranny. If there are some EPRDF members who care for their people they must first free themselves.

The perpetrators of Gura Ferda should be accused of committing crimes against humanity, because “these offences constitute a serious attack on human dignity, grave humiliation and degradation of more human beings” according to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The victims should be compensated and helped to return to their farms.

8 comments

  1. First of all i would like to say thanks everyone,time is now,let us move to bring those criminals to justice by organizing ourselves.Hurry up every one,we will remove zem wiz in 24 hr if we organize ourselves,time is running out,wake up everyone!

  2. Selamawit Solomon

    WHEN WE GONNA SAY –ENOUGH IS ENOUGH ????? _IF ITS NOT US _WHO AND IF ITS NOT NOW WHEN WILL WE RISE UP AGAINST THE TPLF MINORITY ETHNIC APARTHIED RULERS ??? HISTORY WILL ASK US WHAT WE BEEN DOING WHEN ALL THIS CRIME IS COMMITTED AGAINST ETHIOPIA AND ETHIOPIANS –IT JUST DOES NOT CUT IT TO BE PROUD OF OUR PAST -THE CURRENT GENERATION OF ETHIOPIANS ARE ON THE CROSS ROAD OF HISTORY —WE MUST START TO E PROUD OF WHAT WE DID AND DOING INSTEAD OF TALKING ABOUT THE PAST AND PREDICTING ABOUT THE FUTURE —THE QUESTION OUGHT TO BE US AND WHAT WE ARE DOING NOW _LET US ALL START O LOOK INWARD AND FIND THE SOLUTION BY OURSELVES

  3. Selamawit Solomon

    Tesfay and Kahsay -you nailed it -i can not agree more Thank you my fellow Ethiopian brothers

  4. Look at what Meles FEARS; the facts as told by former TPLF members Tesfay Atsbeha and Kahsay Berhe

    1. MELES DOES NOT WANT THE AMHARA TO ORGANISE ON ETHNIC LINES, BECAUSE OF FEAR OF THE AMHARA

    2. MELES FORMED HIS OWN AMHARA PUPPET ORGANISATION CALLED ANDM LED BY TPLF /EPLF MEMBERS . THE CURRENT LEADER OF ANDM IS BEREKET SIMEON

    3. Meles hates EPRP simply because it has got the label ETHIOPIA attached to it AND THAT EPRP is an Ethiopian organisation

  5. Let me express my greatest appreciation for the writers not only for the content of their article but also for their ethnic background .’
    SEW MALET SEW BETEFA GIZE SEW HONO YETEGEGNE NEW’ .
    I am sure many Tigean Elites would present themselves more Ethiopian than other compatriotes post Weyane downfall ,but that is of no use . The time is now to show solidarity with other Ethnic populations subject to excessive repression unfolding in front of our eyes.
    Meles attacks ‘Amhara’ for two reasons .
    one not because of its ethnicity per se but its association with Ethiopian Unity .
    Two not out of hate as many of us would believe,but out of great fear of its potential force to dismantle Woyane
    Indeed what we see on the grounds is that Ethiopianism is not only propagated by Amharas only but also increasingly gaining momentum by other forces who hitherto rejected the idea of Ethiopian Unity and Woyane’s doom is in the horizon.
    Ethiopia will prevail.

  6. The writers state the very obvious.Woyane has always been inimical to Amaras and anyone who is an Ethiopian at heart and soul.

    However much, Amaras try to subdue their instincts to stand up to these vermins, the inevitable is unfolding. Amara elites have mindlessly tried to assume a higher moral ground for too long.
    They have mistakenly believed that having an All Amara organisation would liken them to secessionist forces and harm Ethiopia’s national interest.

    Meles and his like-minded inferior breed of men, have every reason to fear Amara unity. No wonder he did his best to avert it. But Amaras did not need Meles to have mindlessly forstalled Amara unity. Amara is an Ethiopian before he is anything else.
    An Amara by definition is an Ethiopian who has transcended the narrow realm of ethnicity. The enlightened Amara maxim ” yetm te wolled, Ankober ideg”, highlights the supremacy of nurture over nature. In other words, it is not whose son or daughter that matters but a person’s individual merits.
    Another Amhara saying that exalts Muslims on their truthfullness (Islam ke abelle zellan kefetele”), speaks volumes about the moral foundation of mighty Amaras.
    Amara’s unity is sacrosanct to Ethiopia’ s salvation as well as guarantee the rights of Amaras wherever they may be. Amara unity will come however the enemy and the hodam Amaras fear it.
    All peace loving Amaras and other Ethiopians should welcome that to see to it that the traitors that are destroying our country are brought to book soon. God bless Ethiopia!!

  7. That is why TPLF killed Prof. Asrat and AAPO. Despite TPLF’s abuse Amhara has been selfless and loyal to the Ethiopian cause, but now the time has come for Amhara to do reality check. The time is for organization. We must reestablish Mela Amhara. TPLF evicted over 35,000 from South just two years ago and it was reported by VOL and DW, but what did we do? NOTHING! Now it is doing same thing, over 76,000 people are deported as we speak and what are we going to do about it?

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