በነጭ ውሸት ላይ የተመሰረተ ትንተና የት ያደርሰን ይሆን?

May 26, 2013

በቴዎድሮስ በላይ

አቶ ጁዋር ሲራጅ መሃመድ በቅርቡ ከአቶ ደረጀ ደስታ ጋር ያደረገውን ቃለ ምልልስ በአጽንኦት ተከታትያለሁ። የሰውየው ግለ ታሪክና ያደረጋቸው ጉዞዎች መሳጭ ቢሆኑም አንዳንድ እርማት የሚያስፈልጋቸው የተሳሳቱና የተዛቡ ታሪኮችን እንደገና እንዲፈትሽ፤ ሆን ብሎ እያራገበው ከሆነም ቆም ብሎ እንዲያስብበት ለመጠቆም ወደድኩ። የተሳሳተ መረጃ መረጃ ራስንም ሌላውንም ክፉኛ ይጎዳል። ሊዘህ መነሻ የሆነኝ፤ ስለ ኦሮሞ ጭቆና መነሻውን ሲገገልጽ፤ አማራዎቹ የአውሮፓን መሳሪያ ቀድመው ስላገኙ የሚል፤ መሰረት የለሽ ውንጀላው ነው።

ጋዜጠኛ ደረጀ ስለ ኦነግ አመሰራረት ሲጠይቀው፤ ጁዋር እንዲሚከተለው መለሰ።  “እንግዲህ በመቶ አመታት ወደዃላ ሂደን ስናይ አካባቢው በቡድን ግጭት የተሞላ ነበር-በተለይ ከ14ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን ወዲህ። ከዚያ በፊት አብዛኛው የሐይማኖት ነበር። በሐይማኖት ስር የተደራጁ መንግስታት ነበር ሲጋጩ የነበሩት። ከዚያ በዃላ ግን የብሔር ግጭቶች ነበሩ። ይህ የብሔር ግጭት፤ በአማራ፣ በኦሮሞና በትግሬ የተካሄደው ነው-ኢትዮጵያን የወለደው። በዚህ ግጭት ውስጥ ቀድሞ የአውሮፓን መሳሪያ ሊያገኝ የቻለው የአማራው ሀይል አሸንፎ፤ በበላይነት አሁን የምናውቃት ኢትዮጵያን ፈጠረ። “  እጅግ በጣም የገረመኝ መልስ ነው። በእርግጥ አቶ ጁዋር ብቻ አይደለም ፤ በቅርብ ጊዜ የምሰማው ከመሰሎቹ የኦሮሞ ወንድሞቼ የዕለት ከዕለት ውንጀላ ሆኗል። ውሸት ሲደጋገም እውነት ይመስላል፤ እንዲሉ የዚህ አይነቱን ነገር እንደ እውነት ሳይወስዱት አልቀረም።

ይሄ መልስህ፤ ብዙ ጥያቄዎችን አጭሮብኛል፡

  • በውኑ ኢትዮጵያን የወለደ ከ14ኛው አመት በዃላ ያለው የብሔር ግጭት ነው?
  • ከ14ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን በነበሩት የሐይማኖች ግጭቶች፤ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ የት ይሆን የነበረው?
  • በውኑ አማራው ነው የውጭዎቹን መሳራያውን ቀድሞ ያገኘው? ማረጋገጫ ልትሰጠኝ ትችላለህ? እኔ ያነበብሁትና የማውቀው ሌላ ነው።

ለምን የፈጠራ ውንጀላ ውስጥ በተለይ ማንበብና መጻፍ ከምንችል ሰዎች መካከል እንደምንዘፈቅ አይገባኝም። ሁለቱን ጥያቄዎች ለአቶ ጁዋር ትቼ፤ ለውንጀላ የተጠቀምህበትን ሶስተኛውን ጥያቄ እኔው ካነበብሁት እመልሳሃለሁ። ስህተት ከሆነ ማስረጃ ያቅርብና እንከራከርበት። ኢትዮጵያውያን እርስ በራሳቸው፤ በአካባቢያቸው በሰሩት መሳሪያ ይዋጉና አሸናፊው ይገዛ እንደነበር የታሪክ መዛግብት ያስረዳሉ። በዚህ እርሱ እና እኔም እንስማማለን።  እንዲህ አይነቱ ልማድ በሌሎቹም አለም ሲደረግ የኖረ ሃቅ ነው። ነገር ግን የአለም ሁኔታ ተቀይሮ፤ አንዱ የሌላውን  ሃብት ድምበር አቋርጦ ለመዝረፍ ሲባል፤ ጠመንጃ መሳሪያን ይዘው ብቅ አሉ።   በመሰረቱ የጠመንጃ መሳሪያ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ የተፈጠረው  በ14ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን በቻይናዎች ነው። ወዲያውኑም ወደ ሩቅ ምስራቆችና አውሮፓዎቹ ተዛመተ። አውሮፓውያንና ሩቅ ምስራቆች፤ በሐይማኖት ሰበብ በተለያዩ አካባቢዎች ግጭትን አስነሱ፤ የጠበንጃ መሳሪያውንም ይዘው ተነሱ። በኢትዮጵያም ይኸው ሆነ። በወቅቱ፤ ከክርስቲያኖች ጋር ለተጣላው ግራኝ አህመድ፤ ቱርኮቹ ልዩ ሰልጠና ሰጥተው የጦር መሳሪያ አስታጥቀው፤ ከሰለጠነ ወታደር ጋር  ወደ ኢትዮጵያ አስገቡት፤ በ11529 ጀምሮ ኢትዮጵያን በይፋ ወረረ። በጦርና በጨበጣ ብቻ የመዋጋት ልምድ የነበራቸው ኢትዮጵያውያን፤ የጠመንጃ መሳሪያ የታጠቀውን መሃመድን በምንም መልኩ ሊቆጣጠሩት አልቻሉም። ብዙ የሰው ህይወትና የአገር ሃብት አወደመ። በወቅቱ የነበሩ ገዥዎች፤ እርሱን ለመቋቋም፤ ክርስቲያን ክፍል የሆኑትን ፓርችጋሎችን በመማጸን የመሳሪያና የሰው ሃይል እርዳታ አግኘተው፤ ተዋግተው አሸነፉ። ይህ ነው የጠመንጃ መሳሪያ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ አመጣጡ። ይሄን እውነታ ቀይሮ አማሮቹ መሳሪያ ቀድሞ ስላገኑ የሚለው አካሄድ፤ ምን አይነት የፓለቲካ ትርፍ ያመጣ ይሆን? በመሰረቱ፤ የግራኝ ጦርነትን ተከትሎ ሰሜኑን የወረረው ማን ነው። የኦሮሞዎች ወረራና በቀላሉ ሰፊውን የሃገሪቱ ክፍል የመያዝ ውጤቱ፤ በግራኝ አማካኝነት የተካሄደው ጭፍጨፋ ከፍተኛ የሆነውን የአማራ  ሕዝብ ስለጨረሰ ነው። ለዚህ መከራከሪያ ምላሹን ከአቶ ጁዋር እፈልጋለሁ። የኦሮሞ ማህበረሰብ በወቅቱ የተፈጠረውን አጋጣሚ በመጠቀም፤ የሰሜኑን ክፍል ወርሮ ያሸነፈው ብቸኛው ምክንያት ይሄው ነው። የጦር መሳሪያ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ መግባት የጠቀመው፤ አቶ ጁዋር  እንደጠቀሰው አማራውን ሳይሆን ኦሮሞውን ነው። ከቆላማው ወደ ደጋማውና ለም የሃገሪቱ ክፍል እንዲገቡ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጎላቸዋል።  ይሄን ጥሬ ሃቅ ክዶ፤ በወቅቱ የተሰራን ግፍ ወደ ሌላው መለከክ፤ ከአንድ የፓለቲካ ተንታኝ፣ ያውም ሌሎቹን እያሰለጠነ ካለ በፍጹም አይጠበቅም።

በወንድሜ፤ በአቶ ጁዋር አካሄድ ቢተነተን፤  እስላምና በኢትዮጵያ ምድር ለመስፋፋት አስተዋጽኦ ያደረገው፤ የጠመንጃ መሳሪያ የሙስሊሞቹ መሪ የነበረ በመጀመሪያ በእጁ በቱርክ በኩል ከልዩ ስልጠና ጋር ስለገባ፤ ብዙውን ሰው አሰለመ ወደሚለው ያደርሰናል። እናም፤ ሙስሎሞች ጥፋት ስላጠፉ…..የሚል ጭልጥ ያለ ውንብድና ውስጥ ይከተናል። እኔ ግን ይሄን አልቀበለውም። ምንም ይሁን ምን፤ ደካማ ጎናችንን በመጠቀም፤ የውጭ ሃይሎች የጫኑብን መከራ ነበር ብዬ ነው የማልፈው። ለዛሬ ችግራችንም መጥቀስን አልፈልግም። ምክንያቱም፤ በእነሱ ተንኮል ስር እንደገባሁ ስለምቆጠርው። እናም ጁዋር፤ የኦሮሞ ችግር በውኑ በአማራው የደረሰብት መከራ ነበርን ለማት ታሪኩን፤ መሳሪያ ከመግባቱ በፊት የነበረውን ሁኔታ በጥልቅ እንዲያነቡና ለሁላችን የሚያስማማ፤ እያንዳንዱ ዜጋ የተከበረባት ኢትዮጵያን ለማዬት እጅግ ወሳኝ ነው እላለሁ።

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10 Responses to በነጭ ውሸት ላይ የተመሰረተ ትንተና የት ያደርሰን ይሆን?

  1. tesfaye Reply

    June 1, 2013 at 1:34 pm

    @Tewodros
    I read your comments on Ato Jewar Mohammed’s Poletical analysis and I appreciate you comments and I myself sent him some messages for his previous analysis. However, in your commentary article, here, some of your words and ideas attracted my attention. I tried to explained as followed.
    1. When you ask reference on Jewar’s analysis, you forgot which references or your source of information. But, from your stance , I realized that your source is the biased and unrealized ethnic oriented Ethiopian history. I hope you may know who wrote and how those books were written. some of them which are used for teaching are currently revised. I will be very happy if you could mention what references you used.
    2. You told us that Gragn Mehammed invaded Ethiopia in 1529 by the help of……, yes he did. But, you considered Gragn Mehammed as an foreigner , as invader. This is tottaly worng. You didn’t know that he was Ethiopian citizen??? If you think that the invasion was by Turkey military, this is yourown fact, and totally worng infromation. Moreover, if you consider the military tactic and weapon supprts of Turkey as an invasion, you should also tell us about the Portugese supports to Christian side. Are Portugese Ethiopians??
    3. ( … Oromo Invasion to control major part of Ethiopia……). what do you mean by “Oromo inasion and Amhara defence of Ethiopia”??????? Are you still thinking that when Amhara defence/expansion to southern Ethiopia and Oromo invasion of central Ethiopia.. kind of descriminatory history??? check your mind very carefully and think once again instead of pointing your fingers to descriminate.

  2. Deborah Reply

    May 29, 2013 at 3:56 pm

    Jawar is not a scholar…he is trying to make something new….Amhara is out of the game…pls read and study more before blaming Amhara…the founder of modern Ethiopia. This man has to stop such type of stupid speeches.may be he is a part of OLF or OMLF/oromia muslims libration front/…but he has to stop his hatred speech against Amahara…don’t hate ,blame Amahara since u knew the truth.
    God bless Ethiopia and Amhara.

  3. Sisay Reply

    May 27, 2013 at 2:27 pm

    Tewodros,

    You believe in the facts you prefer to believe in. I believe in the facts that is presented to me. There are always two sides of a coin. The histiography of Neftegna system is coloured with the bravado of the leaders of that system, while the other side of the coin tells a different story when narrated by a colonized people. So there is no wonder that you would like to die defending the indefensible Neftegna system, while others are writing the untold history of the past so that we have a balanced view of what happened and how we can make sure that history does not repeat itself. To tell you frankly, Juwar is not worried that he is perturbing your Abyssinian ego as much as he wants to make sure that the Neftegna history as it relates to the subject people be exposed enough so that we can grasp the horrendous crimes of the past in the name of one Ethiopia. So he is exposing your white lies perpetrated by the willing controlled media of the Amhara system. Your history is the story of one side of the coin and the other side of the coin has just begun to emerge. There are now historians and sociologists who are casting the past and the present from all angles so that our children will have a balanced view. If this sounds unresonable to you, you have the right to go to hell at your own volition.

  4. degefa Reply

    May 27, 2013 at 8:43 am

    Hey Jawar! I think it is unfair to hear such a blackmailing interview, a guy i thought is already matured.
    I though you have clean mind as to various ethnicity in Ethiopia, but you still based on the historical falacies olf is pupating. I donot think you will get our mind. This is rubbish to say that Amahara has got the weapon first. As it is clearly told to you, Mohamed brought it to us, but to all of us, and hence these who better used it to expand their leadership and politics. But you have to well aware that Ethiopia is there before temenja came to us. We were there for centuries, through our older shape is not like this one. Imagine, our map has changed, changed dramatically and painfully by tplf, 20 years ago. Otherwise, Ethiopia is there before.

    Donot try to propagate such a bulsheet false but serious information. We heard enough from tplf that amhara is an enemy and we have to fight. But let you that, there is no as such ethnic group called amhara.

    Look few days ago, the chair of blue said we used this word amhara to distingush Islam from Christian. He born in Gojam. We used it similarly, but i born in Bale. Look, this name propagated by tplf and they wone the mind of many such as you. Otherwise, there is no called amhara that is your enemy. Pull such a bad ideas to the cake, and come out with your good mind so that you will find a follower. Otherwise, you will finish your time and age while talking nonsense.

  5. alem Reply

    May 26, 2013 at 10:08 pm

    Dear Belay,

    When Jawar was introduced to the diaspora politics and giving interviews, writing articles so on, I thought he is an Ethiopian with a liberal mind, who is striving to bring a meaningful change in Ethiopia as one of us, until he took me by surprise recently by his two series of interviews. The latest being with ESAT host journalist Dereje Habtewold.

    Dear Belay, hence you started it please compatriot add the following when you will hold a discussion with Mr Jawar Mohamed or others who have been members and supporters of his organization.

    NOTE THAT; The two main questions for the OLF are; the Oromo is the largest in population in Ethiopia therefore Oromo must be the governing Ethnic and the official language of Ethiopia must be Oromogna/Oromihpia/.

    One majar reality the OLF founders & followers deliberately chose to deny or misunderstood that democracy & the essence of rule by majority ploy as to mean or the measurement criterion is the size or number of a group of people instead of the national population consensus on a type of idea they choose for a fair, just and balanced administration is nothing but a fallacy of ideology. As to the choice of the official language to be Oromigna again the OLF leaders/members campaign based on their interpretation of majority idea on the greater number of the Oromo ethnic rather than a careful assessment & study based on national consensus on its significance.Mind you which sensus run by which governor told them exactly the Oromo population is larger than Amhara, this has been going on for many years now. What is sad and worse is the acceptance of this false statistics by the OLF’s by non OLF as it is accurate without challenging it.

    Finally, the sad thing of all about OLF and TPLF is they bost and talk volumes about Pan-africanism, even how melese and tplf is African leader and beyond while they hate the very blood brothers and sisters, Amhara poor Ethiopians. This is more than hypocracy= Identity crisis.
    Thank you,
    So my dear raise all issues surrounding this and let Ethiopians discuss about it rather than OLF founders like to have a free ride as they wish & please.

  6. Bnada Geday Reply

    May 26, 2013 at 8:42 pm

    Amara Must Say no For Tribalist !!
    I Really Appreciate Tewodros Bellay !! You Are The First ______________
    Amara Should Not Say These ARe Just Few Racist.
    Amara Must Respond and Challenge back !!
    By The Way You Like It Or Not This Is what Dr.Asseffa Is Telling Us To Do !!

  7. Sisay Reply

    May 26, 2013 at 1:04 pm

    Your response is no different than what the successive governments have tried to inculcate in our mind set. It is a tired way of approaching the issue. One thing that we would like to tell our adversaries (other classifications follow if you are not careful enough) is that history is always written by the victors. You may be reading your history from the chronicles of the victors which may sound right top you. Juwar is presenting history as relayed down through generations from the victimized point of view. That being the case, we may never agree on the actual account of those events. The issue is what is at store in the future that would satisfy all of us equally with out taking advantage of the legacy of the past. That is where the focus should be. I do not believe that any Oromo will take your side of the history in present day and age. That number of believers is not easy to mess around with any more.

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